Glossary


TermPronunciationDefinitionCategory
karatekah-rah-tayEmpty Hand; a method of self-defense developed in Japan without the use of weaponsGeneral Terminology
dōjōdoh-johTraining hallGeneral Terminology
KunkūnrulesGeneral Terminology
shihanshee-hanHead instructor/Master instructorGeneral Terminology
senseisehn-seh-eeInstructorGeneral Terminology
karatekakah-rah-teh-kastudentGeneral Terminology
oss/osuos/os-suan affirmation or recognitionGeneral Terminology
gigeeTraining uniformGeneral Terminology
obioh-beeTraining uniform beltGeneral Terminology
kiaikee-ah-eeVocal expulsion of airGeneral Terminology
dandahnBlack Belt rankGeneral Terminology
kyūkyooWhite/Brown belt rankGeneral Terminology
mokusōmoh-koo-sohMeditationGeneral Terminology
rei/leireh-ee/leh-eeBowGeneral Terminology
kamaetekah-mah-eh-tehAssume stanceGeneral Terminology
yōiyoh-eeGet readyGeneral Terminology
hajimehah-jee-mehBeginGeneral Terminology
kaettekah-eht-tehPivot/assume opposite directionGeneral Terminology
yameyah-mehStopGeneral Terminology
kihonkee-hohnBasic trainingGeneral Terminology
katakah-tahFormal exercise/formsGeneral Terminology
kumitekoo-mee-tehSparringGeneral Terminology
nagewazanah-geh-wah-zahThrowing techniquesGeneral Terminology
ashibaraiah-shee-bah-rah-eeFoot sweepGeneral Terminology
kimekee-mehMaximum effectiveness/ focus of techniquesGeneral Terminology
hikitehee-kee-tehPulling handGeneral Terminology
tandentahn-dehnBreathing center in lower abdomenGeneral Terminology
ichiee-cheeOneNumber
nineeTwoNumber
sansahnThreeNumber
shisheeFourNumber
gogohFiveNumber
rokuroh-kooSixNumber
shichishee-cheeSevenNumber
hachihah-cheeEightNumber
kyūkyooNineNumber
jooTenNumber
shiroshee-rohWhiteColor
kikeeYellowColor
orenjioh-rehn-geeOrangeColor
midorimeh-doh-reeGreenColor
murasakimoo-rah-sah-keePurpleColor
chachahBrownColor
kurokoo-rohBlackColor
irimiee-ree-meeGetting into the opponentAttacks
enpi/empiehn-pee/ehm-peeElbow AttacksAttacks
tobikomitoh-bee-koh-meeJumping-in attackAttacks
renzoku wazarehn-zoh-koo wah-zahContinuous TechniquesAttacks
makiwaramah-kee-wah-rahPunching boardAttacks
bohStaffAttacks
zenkutsu-dachizehn-koo-tsoo-dah-cheeFront stanceStance
kōkutsu-dachikoh-koo-tsoo-dah-cheeBack stanceStance
kiba-dachikee-bah-dah-cheeHorse riding stanceStance
fudō-dachifoo-doh-dah-cheeImmovable stanceStance
nekoashi-dachineh-koh-ah-shee-dah-cheeCat stanceStance
shizentaishee-zehn-tah-eeNatural stanceStance
heisoku-dachiheh-ee-soh-koo-dah-cheeClose-leg stanceStance
hanmi-dachihahn-mee-dah-cheeHalf-facing stanceStance
hachiji-dachihah-chee-jee-dah-cheeOpen-leg stanceStance
gedan-baraigeh-dahn-bah-rah-eeDownward blockBlock
age-ukeah-geh-oo-kehRising blockBlock
ude-ukeoo-deh-oo-kehForearm blockBlock
shutō-ukeshoo-toh-oo-kehKnife-hand blockBlock
jūji-ukejoo-jee-oo-kehCross-arm blockBlock
morote-ukemoh-roh-the-oo-kehTwo-hand blockBlock
teishō-uketeh-ee-shoh-oo-kehPalm-heel blockBlock
oi-zukioh-ee-zoo-keeLunge punchHand Technique
gyaku-zukigyah-koo-zoo-keeReverse punchHand Technique
maetemah-eh-tehJabHand Technique
kibadachi-zukikee-bah-dah-chee-zoo-keePunching with horse riding stanceHand Technique
morote-zukimoh-roh-teh-zoo-keeDouble punchHand Technique
kagi-zukikah-gee-zoo-keeHook punchHand Technique
teishōteh-ee-shohPalm-heelHand Technique
age-zukiah-geh-zoo-keeRising punchHand Technique
uraken-uchioo-rah-kehn-oo-cheeBack-fist strikeStriking Technique
shutō-uchishoo-toh-oo-cheeKnife-hand strikeStriking Technique
nukitenoo-kee-tehSpear-handStriking Technique
nihon-nukitenee-hohn-noo-kee-tehTwo-finger spear-handStriking Technique
seikenseh-ee-kehnFore-fistStriking Technique
hirakenhee-rah-kehnFore-knuckle fistStriking Technique
ippon-keneep-pohn-kehnOne-knuckle fistStriking Technique
nakadaka-kennah-kah-dah-kah-kehnMiddle finger/knuckle fistStriking Technique
haitōhah-ee-tohRidge-handStriking Technique
mae-gerimah-eh-geh-reeFront kickKick
mawashi-gerimah-wah-shee-geh-reeRound kickKick
yokogeri-kekomiyoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-koh-meeSide-thrust kickKick
yokogeri-keageyoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-ah-gehSide-up kickKick
mikazuki-gerimee-kah-zoo-kee-geh-reeCrescent kickKick
fumikomifoo-mee-koh-meeStamping kickKick
ushiro-gerioo-shee-roh-geh-reeRear kickKick
nidan-gerinee-dahn-geh-reeDouble front kickKick
tobi-geritoh-bee-geh-reeFlying front kickKick
tobi-yokogeritoh-bee-yoh-koh-geh-reeFlying side-thrust kickKick
maeashi-gerimah-eh-ah-shee-geh-reeFront kick with front legKick
maeashi-kekomimah-eh-ah-shee-keh-koh-meeFront-thrust kickKick
renzoku-gerirehn-zoh-koo-geh-reeContinuous kicksKick
sokutōsoh-koo-tohFoot edgeKick
kakatokah-kah-tohHeelKick
hizagashirahee-zah-gah-shee-rahKneecapKick
kihon ippon gumitekee-hohn eep-pohn goo-mee-tehBasic one-time sparringSparring
jiyū-ippon gumitejee-yoo-eep-pohn goo-mee-tehFree one-time sparringSparring
sanbon gumitesahn-bohn goo-mee-tehThree-time sparringSparring
gohon gumitegoh-hohn goo-mee-tehFive-time sparringSparring
jiyū kumitejee-yoo koo-mee-tehFree-styleSparring
jōdanjoh-dahnUpper bodySparring
chūdanchoo-dahnMiddle bodySparring
gedangeh-dahnLower bodySparring
maaimah-eeDistance, timing, and other things between opponents Sparring
shiaishee-ah-eeMatchTournament
shōbu ipponshoh-boo eep-pohnOne point matchTournament
hajimehah-jee-mehBeginTournament
yameyah-mehStopTournament
aiuchiah-ee-oo-cheeClashTournament
torimasentoh-ree-mah-sehnI award no pointTournament
tsuzuketetsoo-zoo-keh-tehContinueTournament
waza ariwah-zah ah-reeHalf-pointTournament
ipponeep-pohnPointTournament
waza ari awasete ipponwah-zah ah-ree ah-wah-seh-teh eep-pohnTwo half-points equal one pointTournament
hikiwakehee-kee-wah-kehDrawTournament
akaah-kahRedTournament
shiroshee-rohWhiteTournament
aka no kachiah-kah noh kah-cheeRed is the winnerTournament